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EVERYTHING YOU
NEED TO KNOW
ABOUT THE SUN

UNDERSTAND IT BETTER TO ENJOY IT BETTER.

The Sun is the star that provides energy for life on Earth. It gives off light, boosts your mood, and is synonymous with happiness, holidays and fun.
But it can also be dangerous and harmful to your body.

25 YEARS OF EXPERTISE

For over 25 years, Eau Thermale Avène has been dedicated to better understanding the Sun, to offer you better protection.

Un astre rayonnant

The ozone
layer...

We often hear about it, but we don't necessarily understand its role, although it is a crucial one. The ozone protects us by blocking some of the rays emitted by the Sun.

It blocks all the extremely dangerous rays: cosmic rays, gamma rays, X-rays and UVC rays. After being filtered by the ozone layer, here are the rays that reach us:

UVB
- Rays with the highest levels of energy and are therefore the most dangerous.
- They do not reach much further than the epidermis. Window glass blocks them out.
- They cause sunburn as well as skin cancer and skin aging.

UVA
- Carries less energy than UVB rays, but penetrate deeper into the skin and are not blocked by window glass.
- They cause sun allergies and also play a role in the onset of skin cancer and skin aging.

Rays of the visible spectrum
- These are captured by our eyes and enable us to see.
- The colors of the rainbow are found within.

Infrared rays
- These rays cause the sensation of heat.

Microwaves and radio waves

Pole Equator
°
0 meters 8807 meters
mètres
Very covered No clouds
Very covered Covered A few clouds No clouds
Surface reflection
  • Grass 3%
  • Water 5 à 20%
  • Sand 15%
  • Snow 70%
  • Ice 90%
00:00 24:00
:00

A shining star

Do you really know which rays reach your skin every day?

BENEFITS OF THE SUN

They are wholesome and essential...

BENEFITS OF THE SUN

Hmmm... Bask in the sun

Take a break, feel the sun's warmth on your skin.

A delicious sensation that comes from the sun's warmth.

BENEFITS OF THE SUN

Tan

Getting the so-called "Healthy glow", golden brown skin after a sun tan...

This is called melanogenesis.
Tanning is the skin's main natural defense mechanism against UV rays.

A tan appears two days after sun exposure and reaches its maximum intensity after three weeks of exposure.

BENEFITS OF THE SUN

Strengthen

An ally to maintaining good health.

The Sun plays a vital role in bone calcification. The UVB rays it emits thus promote the synthesis of vitamin D, the main factor in bone growth.

Sun exposure for 10 to 15 minutes, 2 to 3 times a week, is enough to supply the body's vitamin D needs.

BENEFITS OF THE SUN

Revitalize

A real antidote for seasonal depression.

The Sun induces a positive effect on our mood and mental state.

RISKS OF SUN EXPOSURE

Burns, dark spots, skin cancer...
These all have one thing in common:
they are caused by excessive, poorly managed exposure to the sun's rays.

RISKS OF SUN EXPOSURE

Ouch... Heatstroke

« It's blazing hot! »
Too much time in the sun, and oops, your body overheats.

Heatstroke is caused by a saturation of the body's thermoregulation ability. It causes body temperature to rise, sometimes exceeding 40°C.

It is triggered by infrared rays.
The symptoms of sunstroke are:
- redness,
- excessive perspiration,
- headache,
- widespread pain,
- dizziness,,
- nausea and vomiting,
- ...

RISKS OF SUN EXPOSURE

Ouch... sunburn

All it takes is a moment of oversight and look what happens...

Sunburn, or actinic erythema, occurs when epidermal cells are altered or even destroyed.
This is caused by 80% UVB and 20% UVA rays.

Erythema includes 4 stages of increasing intensity:
- Premier degré : light pink marks appear between 6 and 24 hours after exposure and disappear within 48 hours without peeling or pigmentation.
- Second-degree sunburn : slightly painful bright red, sometimes purplish marks, appear between 2 and 12 hours after exposure and disappear within 48 hours, leaving slight peeling and temporary pigmentation.
- Third-degree sunburn : red-turquoise marks with edema appear between 2 and 6 hours after exposure and cause significant skin peeling and long-lasting pigmentation.
- Fourth-degree sunburn: this is a second-degree burn, with general fever symptoms and nausea, triggering intense peeling and pigmentation after-effects.

RISKS OF SUN EXPOSURE

Ouch... urticaria (hives)

« It itches! »
Solar urticaria,
occurs a few minutes after sun exposure and disappears spontaneously, in the shade, in a few hours.

It manifests itself via the appearance of skin rashes, with red, raised, itchy bumps that may also burn and sting (also known as hives).

RISKS OF SUN EXPOSURE

Ouch... sun allergy

Are you a woman between 15 and 35 years old?
Beware of the sun. The sun likes you...maybe a little too much!
Sun allergy appears during early exposure.

What are the signs?
- Small red patches resembling urticaria or little blisters associated with severe itching.
- It is found on the neckline, shoulders, arms, backs of the hands and feet.

RISKS OF SUN EXPOSURE

Ouch... bad combination

Some ingredients just don't go well together. It's the same with the sun! You can't mix everything with sun exposure.

Some photosensitive substances (perfumes, medicines, hormone treatments, etc.) increase the sensitivity of skin in the sun. This is called photosensitization.

There are two types of reactions:
- The phototoxic reaction : this is the most common reaction and is caused by using a large quantity of photosensitizing substances, such as perfume. It appears within minutes or hours of sun exposure and can be identified by red marks on the sun-exposed areas.
- Photoallergic reaction this reaction is more rare and is caused by using a low quantity of photosensitizing substance. It appears within 24 hours or more of sun exposure and can be manifested as eczema on the sun-exposed areas which can spread to the rest of the body.

RISKS OF SUN EXPOSURE

Ouch... pregnancy mask

Also called melasma, it mainly affects pregnant women.

What are the signs?
It can be identified by brown patches with rough edges on the face, neck and neckline.

RISKS OF SUN EXPOSURE

Ouch... wrinkled skin

Look older? Nobody wants that! However, this is one of the effects of the sun...

Photo-aging in the skin, heliodermatitis, can appear on exposed areas.

There are 2 levels:
- In the epidermis: UVB rays cause the appearance of small unattractive brown marks called age spots.
- In the dermis: UVA rays cause the formation of deep wrinkles.

beauty spots (moles)

Moles aren't always what they seem... Appearances can be deceiving!

beauty spots (moles)

Self-examination

5 steps, just a few minutes, alone or with help from someone close...

The doctor's advice
Examine your skin all over every month and have it examined by a doctor at least once a year.

How to examine your skin ?
1. Torso, back and sides in front of a mirror.
2. Forearms, outside and inside of the arms, palms of the hands.
3.Behind your legs, spaces between your toes, soles of your feet and your genitals.
4.Behind the neck and the scalp, parting hair section by section, using a hand mirror.
5. Lower back and bottom.

beauty spots (moles)

Observe regularly

Benign mark or potential danger?
You should take note of any changes since this could be a sign of skin cancer.

When doing your self-examination, you can easily follow the ABCDE rule.

If you observe one of the following criteria:
- Asymmetry...
- Bumpy edges...
- Color is uneven...
- Diameter larger than 6 mm...
- Evolution...

Speak to your doctor about it. Early diagnosis is essential for healing.

- Asymmetry...
The mole must be round and symmetrical.
- Bumpy edges...
The edges should be smooth and geometrical.
- Color is uneven...
There should only be one even color: light or dark brown.
- Diameter larger than 6 mm...
Its diameter must be smaller than 6 mm.
- Evolution...
A mole should not change. Consult a doctor if its appearance begins to change!

skin cancers

Protecting your skin from the sun is our priority. Warning you about risks as well. This is why Eau Thermale Avène is working in partnership with the European Skin Cancer Foundation to help raise awareness, educate people and prevent skin cancers.

skin cancers

The most common

BASAL CELL CARCINOMA

What is it?
A cancer that develops on a very limited area of skin on the more frequently exposed body parts: face, neck, hands, etc.

Specifics
It is the most common (75% of skin cancers) but the least aggressive.
It occurs, in 95% of cases, after age 40.

Diagnosis and treatment
With early diagnosis and the right treatment, the patient has a high chance of recovery.

skin cancers

More specific cancers

SQUAMOUS CELL OR EPIDERMOID CELL CARCINOMA

What is it?
A highly aggressive localized cancer that easily spreads to different parts of the body. It represents 15% of skin cancers. It occurs most often on precursory lesions such as actinic keratoses (rough, scaly patches on skin).

Specifics
It mainly affects:
- Subjects over the age of 60.
- People with professions that expose them to the sun (farmers, sailors, construction workers, etc.).

Diagnosis and treatment
In 2% to 10% of cases, it can spread to the internal organs and become life-threatening. With early diagnosis and the right treatment, there is a high cure rate.

skin cancers

The most dangerous

MALIGNANT MELANOMA

What is it?
A malignant tumor of the pigmentation system appearing on either healthy skin or on a mole through degeneration. It accounts for 10% of skin cancers.

Specifics
It spreads relatively early to other organs via metastasis.

Diagnosis and treatment
Early diagnosis improves chances of recovery. Later on, the cancer will require more aggressive treatment to prevent the spread of cancerous cells in the body.

Our sun care products: a long history

We are constantly innovating to offer you the best UVB-UVA protection. Our range of sun care is the result of this continuous research. It brings together 25 years of expertise.

Our sun care products: a long history

25 years
of innovation

1991 : Launch of the first Eau Thermale Avène Sun Care products.

1993 : Patented innovation: Sun Care with Héliosides®.

1995 : Launch of the first 100% mineral sun care made for intolerant skin.

2000 : Launch of the first tinted compacts.

2003 : Active-ingredient innovation: a unique powerful antioxidant active ingredient is added to our sun care products to offer prolonged cell protection against free radicals.

2004 : Launch of the first spray with very high protection.

2009 : Packaging innovation: launch of the first pump-tube, in a more hygienic, clear and practical format.

2011 : Launch of Réflexe solaire with its pocket-size format, easy to carry wherever you go.

2013 : Start of an exclusive and long-lasting partnership with the European Skin Cancer Foundation.

2016 : Launch of the eco-friendly initiative, Skin Protect Ocean Respect.

Our sun care products: a long history

The orange range

DEDICATED TO SENSITIVE SKIN

An exclusive Sunsitive® protection combination:
- A filter system composed of a minimum of filters for extremely broad-spectrum UVB-UVA protection and optimal skin tolerance.
- Pre-tocopheryl, a powerful anti-oxidant (photostable precursor to vitamin E) to combat oxidative stress.
- Avène Thermal Spring Water, recognized for its soothing, anti-irritating and softening properties.

For whom?
Children or adults,
whether you have dry skin or oily skin,
whether you like small formats, large formats, scented or odorless products,
you'll always find the perfect sun care product for you!
The orange range meets all the needs of sensitive skin.

Find out more

Our sun care products: a long history

The mineral range

DEDICATED TO HYPERSENSITIVE SKIN
INTOLERANT TO CHEMICAL FILTERS
AND FRAGRANCES.

Characteristics ?
Formulated fragrance-free and with 100% mineral screens, it offers you optimal UVB-UVA protection with long-lasting stability and efficacy.

Find out more

Our sun care products: a long history

The no-sun range

AFTER-SUN REPAIR - CREAMY GEL

For whom?
Sensitive skin in the whole family: adults and children.
Characteristics?
It hydrates and soothes skin damaged by the sun.

OUR SKIN PROTECT OCEAN RESPECT INITIATIVE

Take action today,
for the future

An eco-responsible approach with a long-term commitment. Sun care products are a public health matter and also of environmental concern.

We are therefore committed to taking up this dual challenge: to offer optimal UVB-UVA protection while minimizing our impact on the environment.

OUR SKIN PROTECT OCEAN RESPECT INITIATIVE

«WE'RE JUST AS CONCERNED ABOUT WHAT'S HAPPENING UNDER THE SURFACE OF OUR OCEANS AS WE ARE ABOUT WHAT'S HAPPENING ON THE SURFACE OF YOUR SKIN...»

OUR SKIN PROTECT OCEAN RESPECT INITIATIVE

A responsible
brand

From raw materials to finished product, from formulation to packaging, our Sun Care products meet the highest standards of quality, efficacy and safety.

What does this mean ?
- Ingredients rigorously selected for their safety and efficacy.
- Tests of efficacy and tolerance under dermatological control.
- A voluntary approach to reduce our ecological footprint.
- Grouping of transportation to reduce pollution.
- Post-marketing follow-up on products by our cosmetovigilance department.

In short, these are initiatives that help protect Humankind and the environment.

OUR SKIN PROTECT OCEAN RESPECT INITIATIVE

Since 2013, Eau Thermale Avène has established an exclusive and long-lasting partnership with the European Skin Cancer Foundation, supporting its actions in the fight against skin cancer.

We therefore support :
- The Sun Pass Project : educational training projects in schools and nurseries.
- The Class Project : training of doctors and dermatologists to screen, diagnose and treat melanoma.

We design educational tools :
- Brochures and posters about the harmful effects of the Sun and the right habits to adopt.
- Games books distributed in pharmacies.

LEARN MORE l'ESCF

OUR SKIN PROTECT OCEAN RESPECT INITIATIVE

Pur projet

Because corals form the foundations of the oceans...
We have partnered with Pur Projet for a socio-environmental program to restore corals and protect the marine ecosystem.
This project is based in Indonesia and enables us to :

- Create and restore coral reefs.
- Develop sustainable coral aquaculture.
- Involve local populations.

LEARN MORE Pur Projet

UV INDEX

A scale for Evaluating the riskw
Caused by UV radiation

The uv index expresses the intensity of UV radiation when it reaches the Earth's surface.

The higher the UV index, the higher the risk of skin and eye lesions.

It varies according to several factors:

- The Sun's position : the higher the position of the Sun in the sky, the more intense the radiation. This varies according to time of day. Intensity peaks between 11 am and 4 pm; this is called "solar noon".
- Altitude : the higher we are, the more intense UV radiation becomes.
- Latitude : UV radiation intensifies the closer we get to the equator.
- Cloud cover : the denser the cloud cover, the more intense UV radiation becomes.
- Reflection : UV rays are reflected with more or less intensity depending on the surface, which emphasizes how dangerous they are.
Grass: 3% of UV rays are reflected.
Water: 5% to 20%.
Sand: 15%.
Snow: 70%.
Ice: 90%.

UV INDEX ?

LOCALIZATION ERROR

Logo Spor

A TWOFOLD COMMITMENT

Offer optimal UVB-UVA protection while minimizing our environmental impact.

EVERYTHING YOU
NEED TO KNOW
ABOUT THE SUN
AND YOUR SKIN

UNDERSTAND SUN SAFETY BETTER TO PROTECT YOURSELF BETTER.

You chase it, you hide from it, you love it and you hate it... In any case, the Sun definitely has an impact on you and your skin.
We often think that as adults we are less sensitive to the sun's rays, but sun damage has no age limit.

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